Movement to Allow Younger People to Vote
June 1, 2020
Prop. 18 Seeks to Let 17-Year-Olds Vote in Primaries
A proposition on the ballot this November seeks to allow some 17-year-olds to vote in primary elections.
If approved by voters, Proposition 18 would amend the state constitution of California to allow 17-year-olds who will be 18 years old at the time of the next general election to vote in primary and special elections.
California would join 18 other states, including Kentucky, Utah, and Mississippi in doing so.
The proposition began life in the state assembly as Assembly Constitutional Amendment 4, which was sponsored by Kevin Mullin (D-San Mateo). He presented it as a way to allow young voters to begin voting in a full election cycle.
“This has strong potential to boost civic participation amongst California’s youth voters, a demographic that is very underrepresented when it comes to voter turnout,” said Mullin. “We need more of California’s youth represented at the ballot box. Given that voting is habit-forming, Prop 18 will also create more life-long voters by encouraging our youngest voters to participate as soon as they are eligible.”
Primary elections in California take place in March, eight months before the general election in November. In the primaries for offices other than president, if any one candidate wins more than 50 percent of the vote in the primary, they automatically win the election. Otherwise, the two candidates with the most votes face off in the November election.
Jason Chen, the Governmental Affairs Policy Director of the California Association of Student Councils, which endorsed the proposition, said that the inability of some young voters to participate in the primaries hampered their ability to express themselves in the general election.
“The general election is always a diametrically opposed ballot that has been narrowed down by the primaries, said Chen. “Usually, the primary election is much more about the nuances and intricacies of political platforms and policy, requiring a much more engaged voter population to narrow it down. As 18-year-olds are voting in elections, many of them have to settle for candidates that they did not have the ability to choose, negatively impacting their participation in democracy.”
Because the US Constitution does not set a minimum voting age, the individual states have the power to set the voting age for their residents, although the US Constitution does forbid states to set their voting age above 18.
Junior Naomi Piper-Pell testified in support of the amendment in front of the Assembly Elections and Redistricting Committee in June 2019. Speaking to the Mirada, they said that 17-year-olds were responsible and engaged enough to vote.
“17-year-olds who turn 18 by the month of November, when general elections are held, already have a lot of experience with the ‘real world’: many have jobs, pay taxes, experienced or are about to experience loans and banks,” said Piper-Pell. “Many adults argue that 17-year-olds couldn’t educate themselves enough to be properly informed, but in all honesty anyone is capable of reading a voter guide or Google searching an issue or a candidate.”
The only group registered in opposition to the proposition is the Election Integrity Project California, a group devoted to “helping to defend the integrity of the voting process that protects our freedoms and way of life.” In a statement, the group claimed that 17-year-olds would be unlikely to be able to cast an informed and independent vote.
“17-year-olds are legal minors,” said the statement. “Under that definition, they are still considered children. They are almost all still living at home and under the strong influence of their parents. This is not conducive to independent thought and voting without undue pressure from their immediate superiors.”
The EIP-C also signed an open letter to President Trump in July alleging that “using the COVID cudgel, progressives in all states are pushing for election procedures that will forever remove the true voice of the American people from their government,” without citing evidence for this dubious and controversial claim.
Their Sacramento Valley office did not respond to a request for comment.
Danielle Joesten Martin, associate professor of political science at Sac State, said that the impact of the amendment, if it passes, would depend on how many 17-year-olds take advantage of their ability to vote.
“If a high percentage of newly eligible 17-year-olds participate in primary elections, it is possible that the candidates who advance to the general election would reflect their policy preferences,” said Martin. “But only if they participate.”
Teen Voting Proposed
Supervisor John Avalos of San Francisco’s District 11 proposed a city charter amendment during March to lower the voting age to 16 in local San Francisco elections.
The plan to lower the voting age was initially brought up by the San Francisco Youth Commission, but Avalos has since joined this mission to convince six of the eleven members of the Board of Supervisors.
While it is the first major city to attempt such reforms, San Francisco would not be the first city to enfranchise 16-year-olds and 17-year-olds. Maryland’s Takoma Park and Hyattsville have already expanded the vote to teens aged 16 and 17.
Internationally, the voting age was lowered to 16 for Scotland’s September 2014 referendum, in which the Scottish voted for or against independence from Great Britain.
Proponents of the reform suggest that given the other responsibilities placed on teens starting at 16, teens would be able to and should be able to vote as well. “You can drive; you can work; you can pay taxes, and you can be denied the right to vote,” said San Francisco Youth Commissioner Joshua Cardenas “There is a contradiction there. Certainly, they have the knowledge and competence to vote at 16.”
Sophomore Kelsey Fletterick believes that in addition to 16 and 17-year-olds being capable to handle the burden of voting, it would also be beneficial to civic engagement. “Many of my friends and classmates have no interest in elections and politics because they have no say in them,” said Fletterick “If teens were allowed to vote in local elections it might encourage them to become involved with civics and give them practice at voting before they cast their ballots in larger elections.”
Opponents of the proposal fear that while it may be 16-year-olds and 17-year-olds showing up to vote, the teens’ parents opinions may be the driving force behind their votes.
“While I would agree that there are plenty of teens out there with opinions independent of their parents, I think that the majority of teens align their opinions with their parents’ views and cannot be trusted to vote in an educated manner that reflects their true, uninfluenced perspective” said Senior Patrick Shields.
Whether San Francisco actually lowers the voting age remains unseen, but the proposal and decision is sure to spark debate and serve as a model for other cities considering such action in the future.